This document provides a background to the issues and challenges that motivated the Future Humanitarian Financing (FHF) initiative and identifies some of the emerging approaches and models to be explored in the FHF dialogues during October and November 2014 and January 2015.[i]

[i] This paper also builds on work done for the forthcoming Montreux XIII Donor Conference on the need for an open and adaptive humanitarian system that is more responsive to diverse and changing needs See Ramalingam, B and Mitchell, J (2014 forthcoming) Responding to Changing Needs? Challenges and Opportunities for Humanitarian Agencies, Montreux XIII Donor Conference Meeting Paper